Design Thinking as a Teaching Approach for 21st Century Learning


  • Norzilawati Zainal Abidin, Farah Mohamad Zain, Abdul Hamid Busthami Nur


Design Thinking; 21st-Century Learning; Design-Based Learning; Creative and Innovative Thinking; Education 4.0


 This concept paper discusses a design thinking process and mindset for creatively resolving difficult challenges in education. Teachers nowadays encounter numerous challenges as they prepare to meet the demands of the education 4.0 requirement in the era of the industrial revolution 4.0. Teachers must develop students' skills to meet the demand for a highly skilled and innovative workforce. The growth of the Fourth Industrial Revolution has had a significant impact on teachers' preparation for future students. Students who receive a well-rounded education are more likely to achieve academic and moral excellence, as well as responsibility and total well-being. Teachers should engage in activities such as Industrial Revolution 4.0 and be creative and imaginative in their approach, using various acceptable sources and media to create a more engaging teaching process for 21st-century learning. Teachers can use design thinking as a flexible educational technique to integrate 21st-century skills into their curriculum. Design-Thinking is a teaching approach established in this study to facilitate teachers in implementing Project-Based Learning. This concept paper aims to describe the current state of knowledge to promote research collaboration and discussion on recommended practice approaches and provide future research and practise opportunities.