Analysis of Innovation Based on Science and Technology Indicators in the Field of Engineering: A Proposed Model for Iran Engineering


  • Zeinab Rezagholi Lalani, Abdul Reza Norouzi Chakli, Zahra Abazari, Fereshteh Sepehr


Science and Technology Indices, Engineering, Research and Development


Background and Purpose: Countries can increase endogenous innovation by using multidimensional incentives for science and technology indices. The purpose of this study is to analyze the innovation based on science and technology indices in the field of engineering to achieve a model for Iran engineering. Methodology: The study method is descriptive using a dual method of descriptive review and analysis of documents. Findings: The results of the present study highlight the diversity of industry costs in research and development. As a country develops, government spending on research and development decreases, and jobs play an increasing role in bridging the gap and increasing local innovation. Therefore, measuring this phenomenon at the national and global levels is becoming increasingly important. Conclusion: According to the results of the research, it was finally suggested that science and technology policy-making institutions design complex national innovation ecosystems that integrate the various science, technology, finance, education, taxation, trade, intellectual property, government spending, labor, and regulations policies to drive economic development along with the innovation