Knowledge of Principles of Teaching and Learning and their Practices at Higher Education Level


  • Erum Aslam Khan, Syeda Samina Tahira, Sadia Mushtaq, Amjad Ali Bukhari, Farasat Zahra


Conveying information and skills from one person to another is called teaching. In order to make teaching effective, the Principles of teaching and learning are comprehensive which provide support to teachers for analyzing their practices and upgrade their teaching (Julianne, 2006).The major aim of the research was to examine the perceptions of university teachers about the knowledge and practices of  Principles of teaching and learning . To accomplish this aim all the teachers coaching atBahauddin Zakariya University Multan was the population of the research study, which were 619 teachers (currently teaching at that time). Eight faculties were merged in to four strata by the researcher. Forty five departments were selected from these four strata by using Simple random sampling technique. Sample of 395 was selected from these 45 strata through using lottery method of simple random sampling. For data collection researcher used questionnaire. Reliability of the tool was also calculated using Cronbach's Alpha Model and the value of 0.96 was abstracted which indicated that the scale was steady and reliable. Collected data was tabulated, analysis and interpreted in the light of objectives of study. Descriptive statistics (i.e., Mean and SD) and inferential statistics t-test and analysis of variance were applied to obtain the answers of research question. The results of the research study revealed that most of the Principles of teaching and learning were esteemed high on the measure by teachers responding to the questionnaire. The top ranked principle was "Teacher identifies that differences among single students exist.” and the lowest rated principle was “Teacher organizes different ways for students to interact with native and wider communities.”