Factors Influencing Mental Healthof Populationin SA KAEW Province during COVID-19: A Cross-sectional Study in Thailand


  • Kitiyada Pornthai, Charuwan Nisagornsen, Wannaporn Pongkaikitti, Yurachat Sawatdee, Pattrawadee Makmee, Autaipohn Kaikaew, Chanmeardey Chiv


The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between mental health effect and several independent variables of risk factors: biological factor, psychological factor, social/cultural or environmental factors, and spiritual factor. The samples consisted of 400 individuals above 18 years old from Sa Kaew province selected by simple random sampling by a cross-sectional study in Thailand. Five topics of general data, and four topics of independent variables of risk factors were used as instruments in questionnaires and the data were analyzed using a statistical package for social science. The results of the study showed that all independent variables related to mental health effect of population at the level of .01 and were able to predict mental health effect of Sa Kaew population during the spread of the corona virus infection at 58.70%. Between the three significant variations, the biological factor ranked first at .292, followed by the spiritual factor at .239 and the psychological factor at .171, respectively. This research also obtained a multiple regression equation using raw scores as:

            = 0.794 - 0.292(BF)** + 0.171(PF)** + 0.239(SF)**

or in standard score format as:

            MHE  =-0.008 ZRW  + 0.354 ZBF  + 0.230 ZPF + 0.327 ZSF