The effect of functional exercises on some of the biomotor abilities for the elderly (60-65) years old
Keywords:functional exercises, biomotor abilities, elderly.
Abstract. People should practice different types of exercise such as running, swimming, cycling and other sports to reach a good and safe level of public health. This is because sports training affect directly on the physiological changes of the person’s body. They work to improve important biomotor abilities, which are important for completing the daily functions of the life. Through the researchers' observations of the elderly category, they diagnosis the suffering experienced by this age group from the rapid decline and deterioration in the biomotor abilities, and the sport environment in their society that is considered to be a poor environment in which there are no playgrounds, if any exist, it is not suitable with their ages. In addition to their sport practices, if they do, may be less or higher than their abilities because they are not scientifically legalized. The study aimed to prepare functional exercises to develop some of the biomotor abilities for the elderly (60-65) years and to know the effect of these exercises on some of the biomotor abilities. The researchers used the experimental approach by using the two equal groups design. The research community included the elderly in the elderly home of Babylon Province, numbering 21 people with the sample consisted of 14 people who were randomly selected and divided into two groups, an experimental group and a control group. The functional exercises were applied after conducting the pre-tests on the experimental group by three training units per week for a period of 8 weeks. After that, post-tests were conducted and the data were statistically processed by using the statistical software (SPSS). The researchers concluded that functional exercises have a positive effect on some of the biomotor abilities of the elderly (60-65) years old.