Exploring the Historical and Geographical Perspectives on the Development of Malaysian Higher Education Institutions


  • Mohd. Amirul Mahamud, Siti Masayu Rosliah Abdul Rashid, Wen Zhuo Heng


Despite the multiple spillover effects that often translate to innovation and economic progress, the distribution of higher education institutions is inextricably connected with the question of accessibility as key institutions for knowledge transmission and generation. The purpose of this research is to look at the evolution of Malaysian higher education institutions (HEIs) from 1965 to 2020. The goal of studying the pattern of higher education institution establishment is to identify variables and forces that contribute to their existing spatial configurations. As a result, Malaysian HEIs are approaching maturity in terms of the number of education providers who are now focusing on improving quality, particularly among private higher education providers. Private and public higher education institutions in different parts of the country are more concerned with students' social and employment demands. Integrating information processing methods such as Geographic Information System (GIS) would result in improved data visualisation and clearer evidence visualisation for researchers, policymakers, and the general public.